A set of high-density EEG (electroencephalogram) recording obtained from awake, freely-moving mice (mus musculus) coupled with auditory and optogenetic stimulation. Related publication: Hwang et al., 2019, Brain Structure and Function.

Hio-Been Han 92fd7fa79d 업데이트 'LICENSE' 2 years ago
figures 404b3a38f3 파일 업로드 'figures' 2 years ago
rawdata 3fa95eeb11 파일 업로드 'rawdata' 2 years ago
LICENSE 92fd7fa79d 업데이트 'LICENSE' 2 years ago
README.md 2bd077e5c6 업데이트 'README.md' 2 years ago
analysis_tutorial.ipynb ee9f0b29f7 파일 업로드 '' 2 years ago
datacite.yml 454e7f3fbb 업데이트 'datacite.yml' 2 years ago
download_sample.py d12129a482 업데이트 'download_sample.py' 2 years ago
meta.csv aadc24c023 업데이트 'meta.csv' 2 years ago
montage.csv ca0f665803 파일 업로드 '' 2 years ago

README.md

1. Dataset information

A set of high-density EEG (electroencephalogram) recording obtained from awake, freely-moving mice (mus musculus) (n = 6). Details of experimental method are described in the original research article using the same dataset [Hwang et al., 2019, Brain Structure and Function].

Step-by-step tutorial is included, fully functioning with Google Colaboratory environment. Open In Colab

2. File organization

Raw EEG data are saved in EEGLAB dataset format (*.set). Below are the list of files included in this dataset.

a) Meta data file (1 csv file)

[metadata.csv]

b) Electrode montage file (1 csv file)

[montage.csv]

c) EEG data files (6 set files, 6 fdt files)

[rawdata/epochs_animal1.set, rawdata/epochs_animal1.fdt]
[rawdata/epochs_animal2.set, rawdata/epochs_animal2.fdt]
[rawdata/epochs_animal3.set, rawdata/epochs_animal3.fdt]
[rawdata/epochs_animal4.set, rawdata/epochs_animal4.fdt]
[rawdata/epochs_animal5.set, rawdata/epochs_animal5.fdt]
[rawdata/epochs_animal6.set, rawdata/epochs_animal6.fdt]

d) Example python scripts

[analysis_tutorial.ipynb]
 * written and tested on Google Colab - Python 3 environment

3. How to get started (Python 3 without gin)

As the data are saved in EEGLAB format, you need to install appropriate module to access the data in Python3 environment. The fastest way would be to use read_epochs_eeglab() function in MNE-python module. You can download the toolbox from the link below (or use pip install mne in terminal shell).

[MNE-python] https://martinos.org/mne/stable/index.html

Part 1. Accessing dataset

1-1. Download dataset and MNE-python module

The dataset has been uploaded on G-Node and can be accessed by git command, by typing git clone https://gin.g-node.org/hiobeen/Mouse_hdEEG_ASSR_Hwang_et_al. However, it's currently not functioning because of the large size of each dataset (>100 MB). Instead, you can use gin command or custom function written below to copy dataset into your work environment. In gin repository, a python script download_sample.py is provided. It doesn't require git or gin command, simply using request module in Python 3. Try typing python download_sample.py on terminal/command after changing desired directory. Demo 1-1 is composed of download_sample.py script in this Jupyter-Notebook document.

Warning: Direct cloning using git clone git@gin.g-node.org:/hiobeen/Mouse_hdEEG_ASSR_Hwang_et_al.git may not work because of the large size of each dataset (>100 MB).

Also, you need to install MNE-Python module using pip command to load EEGLAB-formatted EEG data. Install command using pip is located at the end of script download_sample.py. To download dataset and install MNE-python module into your environment (local machine/COLAB), try running scripts below.

Note: Through this step-by-step demonstration, we will use data from one animal (#Animal 2). Unnecessary data files will not be downloaded to prevent long download time. To download whole dataset, change dataset_to_download = [2] into dataset_to_download = [1,2,3,4,5,6].

# Demo 1-1. Setting an enviroment (download_sample.py)
from os import listdir, mkdir, path, system, getcwd
import warnings; warnings.simplefilter("ignore")
dir_origin = dir_origin = getcwd()+'/' # <- Change this in local machine
dir_dataset= 'dataset/'
print('\n1)============ Start Downloading =================\n')
print('Target directory ... => [%s%s]'%(dir_origin,dir_dataset))

#!rm -rf /content/dataset/
import requests, time
def download_dataset( dataset_to_download = range(1,7), dir_dataset = dir_dataset ):
  # Check directory
  if not path.isdir('%s%s'%(dir_origin,dir_dataset)):
    mkdir('%s%s'%(dir_origin,dir_dataset))
    mkdir('%s%s/rawdata/'%(dir_origin,dir_dataset))

  # File names to be downloaded
  file_ids = [ 'meta.csv', 'montage.csv' ]
  for set_id in dataset_to_download:
    file_ids.append( 'rawdata/epochs_animal%s.set'%set_id )
    file_ids.append( 'rawdata/epochs_animal%s.fdt'%set_id )

  # Request & download
  repo_url = 'https://gin.g-node.org/hiobeen/Mouse_hdEEG_ASSR_Hwang_et_al/raw/3fa95eeb11021cf740ded020c9948c6aa0d1c904/'
  for file_id in file_ids:
    fname_dest = "%s%s%s"%(dir_origin, dir_dataset, file_id)
    if path.isfile(fname_dest) is False:
      print('...copying to [%s]...'%fname_dest)
      file_url = '%s%s'%(repo_url, file_id)
      r = requests.get(file_url, stream = True)
      with open(fname_dest, "wb") as file:
          for block in r.iter_content(chunk_size=1024):
              if block: file.write(block)
      time.sleep(1) # wait a second to prevent possible errors
    else:
      print('...skipping already existing file [%s]...'%fname_dest)

# Initiate downloading
dataset_to_download = [2] # Partial download to prevent long download time
#dataset_to_download = [1,2,3,4,5,6] # Full download 
download_dataset(dataset_to_download)
print('\n============= Download finished ==================\n\n')

# List up 'dataset/' directory
print('\n2)=== List of available files in google drive ====\n')
print(listdir('%sdataset/'%dir_origin))
print('\n============= End of the list ==================\n\n')

# List up dataset/rawdata/*.set and ~/*.fdt files
print('\n3)=== List of available files in google drive ====\n')
print(listdir('%sdataset/rawdata/'%dir_origin))
print('\n============= End of the list ==================\n\n')

# Install mne-python module
system('pip install mne');

# Make figure output directory
dir_fig = 'figures/'
if not path.isdir(dir_fig): mkdir('%s%s'%(dir_origin, dir_fig))
1)============ Start Downloading =================

Target directory ... => [/content/dataset/]
...copying to [/content/dataset/meta.csv]...
...copying to [/content/dataset/montage.csv]...
...copying to [/content/dataset/rawdata/epochs_animal2.set]...
...copying to [/content/dataset/rawdata/epochs_animal2.fdt]...

============= Download finished ==================



2)=== List of available files in google drive ====

['meta.csv', 'montage.csv', 'rawdata']

============= End of the list ==================



3)=== List of available files in google drive ====

['epochs_animal2.set', 'epochs_animal2.fdt']

============= End of the list ==================

1-2. Accessing meta-data table

File meta.csv contains the demographic information of 6 mice. Using read_csv() of pandas module, meta-datat able can be visualized as follow.

## Demo 1-2. Display meta-data file
from pandas import read_csv
meta = read_csv('%s%smeta.csv'%(dir_origin, dir_dataset));
print('Table 1. Meta-data')
meta
Table 1. Meta-data
subject_name file_name n_trials age_in_month sex
0 animal1 epochs_animal1.set 589 4 Male
1 animal2 epochs_animal2.set 557 4 Male
2 animal3 epochs_animal3.set 349 4 Male
3 animal4 epochs_animal4.set 493 4 Female
4 animal5 epochs_animal5.set 956 5 Male
5 animal6 epochs_animal6.set 959 4 Male
# (Optional: Check total number of trials for each experimental condition)
"""
# Count number of trials for each experimental condition (all files)
import pandas as pd
n_trials = np.zeros((7,8),dtype='int')
for dataset_idx in range(6):
  EEG_temp, f_name = get_eeg_data( dataset_idx )
  for condition in range(1,8): 
    # Accessing event info: print( EEG.event )
    trialIdx = np.where(EEG_temp.events[:,2]==condition)[0] 
    n_trials[dataset_idx,condition-1] = len(trialIdx)
n_trials[-1,:], n_trials[:,-1] = np.sum(n_trials,axis=0), np.sum(n_trials,axis=1)
n_trials = pd.DataFrame(n_trials, index=['animal1','animal2','animal3','animal4','animal5','animal6', 'Total'],
             columns=['In-phase','Out-of-phase','Delayed','Advanced','Continuous','Sound only', 'Light only', 'Total'])
n_trials
""";

1-3. Data loading and dimensionality check

Each *.fdt file is consisted of different number of trials. To load dataset, a function get_eeg_data() is defined below. To maintain original dimensionality order (cf. channel-time-trial in EEGLAB of Matlab), np.moveaxis() was applied.

# Demo 1-3. Data loading and dimensionality check
from mne.io import read_epochs_eeglab as loadeeg
import numpy as np
def get_eeg_data(dataset_idx=1, CAL=1e-6):
  f_name = '%s%srawdata/%s'%(dir_origin,dir_dataset,meta.file_name[dataset_idx])
  EEG = loadeeg(f_name, verbose=False)
  EEG.data = np.moveaxis(EEG.get_data(), 0, 2) / CAL
  return EEG, f_name

# Data loading
EEG, f_name = get_eeg_data( dataset_idx = 1 ) # idx = from 0 to 5 (1st to 6th)

# Dimension check
print('File name  :  [%s]'%f_name)
print('File contains [%d channels, %4d time points, %3d trials]'%(EEG.data.shape))
File name  :  [/content/dataset/rawdata/epochs_animal2.set]
File contains [38 channels, 5200 time points, 557 trials]

Note that voltage calibration value (CAL) is set to 1e-6 in 0.11.0 version of eeglab.py.

1-4. Getting channel coordinates

The EEG data are recorded with 38 electrode array, and two of the electrodes were used as ground and reference site - total 36 channel data are available. Coordinates of each electrode are in the file [data/montage.csv], and can be accessed and visualized by following script.

# Demo 1-4. Import montage matrix
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt; plt.style.use('ggplot')
plt.rcParams['font.family']='sans-serif'
plt.rcParams['text.color']='black'; plt.rcParams['axes.labelcolor']='black'
plt.rcParams['xtick.color']='black'; plt.rcParams['ytick.color']='black'

from pandas import read_csv
montage_table = read_csv('%s%smontage.csv'%(dir_origin, dir_dataset))
elec_montage = np.array(montage_table)[:, 1:3]

# Open figure handle
plt.figure(figsize=(4.5,5))

# Plot EEG channels position (total 36 channels)
plt.plot( elec_montage[:36,0], elec_montage[:36,1], 'go' )
for chanIdx in range(36):
  plt.text( elec_montage[chanIdx,0], elec_montage[chanIdx,1]+.2,
           EEG.info['ch_names'][chanIdx][5:], ha='center', fontsize=8 )

# Plot Ref/Gnd electrode position
plt.plot( elec_montage[36:,0], elec_montage[36:,1], 'rs' )
plt.text(0, 0.0, 'BP', fontsize=12, weight='bold', ha='center',va='center');
plt.text(0,-4.2, 'LP', fontsize=12, weight='bold', ha='center',va='center');

plt.xlabel('ML coordinate (mm)'); plt.ylabel('AP coordinate (mm)');
plt.title('2D electrode montage');
plt.legend(['Active','Ref/Gnd'], loc='upper right', facecolor='w');
plt.gca().set_facecolor((1,1,1))
plt.grid(False); plt.axis([-5.5, 6.5, -7, 6])

# Draw head boundary
def get_boundary():
 return np.array([
    -4.400, 0.030, -4.180, 0.609, -3.960, 1.148, -3.740, 1.646, -3.520, 2.105, -3.300, 2.525, -3.080, 2.908, -2.860, 3.255,
    -2.640, 3.566, -2.420, 3.843, -2.200, 4.086, -1.980, 4.298, -1.760, 4.4799, -1.540, 4.6321, -1.320, 4.7567, -1.100, 4.8553,
    -0.880, 4.9298, -0.660, 4.9822, -0.440, 5.0150, -0.220, 5.0312,0, 5.035, 0.220, 5.0312, 0.440, 5.0150, 0.660, 4.9822,
    0.880, 4.9298, 1.100, 4.8553, 1.320, 4.7567, 1.540, 4.6321,1.760, 4.4799, 1.980, 4.2986, 2.200, 4.0867, 2.420, 3.8430,
    2.640, 3.5662, 2.860, 3.2551, 3.080, 2.9087, 3.300, 2.5258,3.520, 2.1054, 3.740, 1.6466, 3.960, 1.1484, 4.180, 0.6099,
    4.400, 0.0302, 4.400, 0.0302, 4.467, -0.1597, 4.5268, -0.3497,4.5799, -0.5397, 4.6266, -0.7297, 4.6673, -0.9197, 4.7025, -1.1097,
    4.7326, -1.2997, 4.7579, -1.4897, 4.7789, -1.6797, 4.7960, -1.8697,4.8095, -2.0597, 4.8199, -2.2497, 4.8277, -2.4397, 4.8331, -2.6297,
    4.8366, -2.8197, 4.8387, -3.0097, 4.8396, -3.1997, 4.8399, -3.3897,4.8384, -3.5797, 4.8177, -3.7697, 4.7776, -3.9597, 4.7237, -4.1497,
    4.6620, -4.3397, 4.5958, -4.5297, 4.5021, -4.7197, 4.400, -4.8937,4.1800, -5.1191, 3.9600, -5.3285, 3.7400, -5.5223, 3.5200, -5.7007,
    3.3000, -5.8642, 3.0800, -6.0131, 2.8600, -6.1478, 2.6400, -6.2688,2.4200, -6.3764, 2.2000, -6.4712, 1.9800, -6.5536, 1.7600, -6.6241,
    1.5400, -6.6833, 1.3200, -6.7317, 1.1000, -6.7701, 0.8800, -6.7991,0.6600, -6.8194, 0.4400, -6.8322, 0.2200, -6.8385, 0, -6.840,
    -0.220, -6.8385, -0.440, -6.8322, -0.660, -6.8194, -0.880, -6.7991,-1.100, -6.7701, -1.320, -6.7317, -1.540, -6.6833, -1.760, -6.6241,
    -1.980, -6.5536, -2.200, -6.4712, -2.420, -6.3764, -2.640, -6.2688,-2.860, -6.1478, -3.080, -6.0131, -3.300, -5.8642, -3.520, -5.7007,
    -3.740, -5.5223, -3.960, -5.3285, -4.180, -5.1191, -4.400, -4.89370,-4.5021, -4.7197, -4.5958, -4.5297, -4.6620, -4.3397, -4.7237, -4.1497,
    -4.7776, -3.9597, -4.8177, -3.7697, -4.8384, -3.5797, -4.8399, -3.3897,-4.8397, -3.1997, -4.8387, -3.0097, -4.8367, -2.8197, -4.8331, -2.6297,
    -4.8277, -2.4397, -4.8200, -2.2497, -4.8095, -2.0597, -4.7960, -1.8697,-4.7789, -1.6797, -4.7579, -1.4897, -4.7326, -1.2997, -4.7025, -1.1097,
    -4.6673, -0.9197, -4.6266, -0.7297, -4.5799, -0.5397, -4.5268, -0.3497,-4.4670, -0.1597, -4.4000, 0.03025]).reshape(-1, 2)
boundary = get_boundary()
for p in range(len(boundary)-1): plt.plot(boundary[p:p+2,0],boundary[p:p+2,1], 'k-')
#plt.axis((-5))
plt.gcf().savefig(dir_fig+'fig1-4.png', format='png', dpi=300);

png

Part 2. Plotting Event-Related Potentials

2-1. Accessing event info

Event information is saved in struct-type variable EEG.event and you can access it by typing EEG.event. Also, their time trace are avilable in 37-th and 38-th channel of EEG.data. For demonstration purpose, light and sound stimuli of 7 different types of event can be extracted and drawn as follow.

# Demo 2-1. Event profile (sound/light stimuli)
condNames = ['In-phase','Out-of-phase','Delayed','Advanced',
             'Continuous','Sound only', 'Light only'];

plt.figure(figsize=(12,10))
yshift = .8;
for condition in range(1,len(condNames)+1):
  plt.subplot(4,2,condition)
  trialIdx = np.where(EEG.events[:,2]==condition)[0]

  # Light stim
  light = EEG.data[-2,:,trialIdx[0]] + yshift
  plt.plot( EEG.times*1000, light)
  
  # Sound stim
  sound = EEG.data[-1,:,trialIdx[0]] - yshift 
  plt.plot( EEG.times*1000, sound)
  
  plt.ylim([-1.5*yshift, 3*yshift])
  plt.xlim([-.10*1000, 1.10*1000])
  plt.xlabel('Time (msec)')
  plt.yticks( (yshift*-.5,yshift*1.5), labels=['Sound', 'Light'] )
  plt.title('Condition #%d. %s'%(condition,condNames[condition-1]))
  plt.gca().set_facecolor((1,1,1))
plt.subplots_adjust(wspace=.3, hspace=.8)
plt.gcf().savefig(dir_fig+'fig2-1.png', format='png', dpi=300);

png

2-2. Visualizing example single-trial trace

If data is successfully loaded, now you're ready! For data visualization, an example function is provided below.

The function plot_multichan() draws multi-channel time series data, by taking 1D time vector, x, and 2D data matrix, y.

# Demo 2-2a. Function for multi-channel plotting
def plot_multichan( x, y, spacing = 3000, figsize = (10,10), ch_names = EEG.ch_names ):
  # Set color theme
  color_template = np.array([[1,.09,.15],[1,.75,.28],[.4,.2,0],[.6,.7,.3],[.55,.55,.08]])
  color_space = np.tile( color_template, 
                      (int(np.ceil([ float(y.shape[0])/color_template.shape[0]])[0]), 1) )
  # Open figure and plot
  plt.figure(figsize=figsize)
  y_center = np.linspace( -spacing, spacing, y.shape[0] )
  for chanIdx in range(y.shape[0]):
    shift = y_center[chanIdx] + np.nanmean(y[chanIdx,:])
    plt.plot(x, y[chanIdx,:]-shift, color=color_space[chanIdx,], linewidth=1);
  plt.xlabel('Time (sec)')
  plt.ylim((-1.1*spacing,1.1*spacing))
  plt.yticks(y_center, ch_names[::-1]);
  plt.gca().set_facecolor((1,1,1))
  return y_center

Using plot_multichan() function, example single-trial EEG trace can be visualized as follow.

# Demo 2-2b. Visualization of raw EEG time trace
trial_index = 0
y_center = plot_multichan(EEG.times, EEG.data[:,:,trial_index])
plt.title('Example trial (index=%d) trace'%(1+trial_index));
plt.gcf().savefig(dir_fig+'fig2-2.png', format='png', dpi=300);

png

Note that channels 1 to 36 contain actual EEG data from 36-channel electrode array (from FP1 to PO8), and channel 37 and 38 contain binary stimulus profile (0: no stimulation, 1: stimulation) of light and sound, respectively.

2-3. ERP in time domain

Using same function, plot_multichan(), ERP (Event-related potentials) trace can be drawn as follow.

# Demo 2-3. Visualization of ERP time trace
condNames = ['In-phase', 'Out-of-phase', 'Delayed', 'Advanced',
             'Continuous','Sound only', 'Light only']
targetCondition = 6 # <- Try changing this
trialIdx = np.where((EEG.events[:,2])==targetCondition)[0]
erp = np.nanmean(EEG.data[:,:,trialIdx],2)
c = plot_multichan(EEG.times, erp, spacing = 300 )
plt.title('ERP sample. Condition: %s'%(condNames[targetCondition-1]));
plt.gcf().savefig(dir_fig+'fig2-3.png', format='png', dpi=300);

png

2-4. ERP in frequency domain

To calculate the amplitude of 40-Hz auditory steady-state response, fast Fourier transform can be applied as follow.

# Demo 2-4. Time- and frequency-domain visualization of grand-averaged ERP
def fft_half(x, Fs=2000): return np.fft.fft(x)[:int(len(x)/2)]/len(x), np.linspace(0,Fs/2,len(x)/2)
plt.figure(figsize=(16,3))
trialIdx = np.where((EEG.events[:,2])==6)[0]

# Channel selection
ch_frontal = (2,6) # channel index of frontal electrodes 
ch_parietal = (20,24) # channel index of parietal electrodes
print( 'Channel selection\n..Frontal channels -> %s'%EEG.info['ch_names'][ch_frontal[0]:ch_frontal[1]] )
print( '..Parietal channels -> %s\n'%EEG.info['ch_names'][ch_parietal[0]:ch_parietal[1]] )

# Calc ERP traces for visualization
erp = np.mean(EEG.data[:,:,trialIdx],2)
frontal_erp = np.mean(erp[ch_frontal[0]:ch_frontal[1],:],0)     # Average of frontal-area channels
parietal_erp = np.mean(erp[ch_parietal[0]:ch_parietal[1],:],0)  # Average of parietal-area channels
frontal_erp_fft,freq = fft_half(frontal_erp)
parietal_erp_fft,freq = fft_half(parietal_erp)
sound_stim = np.where(erp[-1,:])[0]

# Plot ERP (Time)
font_size = 13
color_f = (.68,.210,.27) # Custom color value
color_p = (.01,.457,.74)
plt.subplot(1,3,(1,2))
plt.grid('off')
plt.plot( EEG.times, frontal_erp,  color= color_f)
plt.plot( EEG.times, parietal_erp, color= color_p)
plt.xlim((-.2,1.1))
plt.ylim((-20,22))
plt.text( -.1, 19.5, 'Sound', ha='center', fontsize=font_size, color='k' )
plt.text( -.1, 15.5, 'Frontal', ha='center', fontsize=font_size, color=color_f )
plt.text( -.1, 11.5,'Parietal', ha='center', fontsize=font_size, color=color_p )
plt.title('ERP signal in time domain', fontsize=font_size)
plt.xlabel('Time (sec)', fontsize=font_size)
plt.ylabel('Voltage (μV)', fontsize=font_size)
plt.plot( EEG.times[sound_stim], np.zeros(sound_stim.shape)+21, 'k|' )
plt.gca().set_facecolor((1,1,1))
  
# Plot ERP (Frequency)
def smoothing(x, L=5): # smoothing function
    return np.convolve(np.ones(L,'d')/np.ones(L,'d').sum(),
    np.r_[x[L-1:0:-1],x, x[-2:-L-1:-1]],mode='valid')[round((L-1)*.5):round(-(L-1)*.5)]
plt.subplot(1,3,3)
plt.plot( freq, smoothing(np.abs(frontal_erp_fft)), linewidth=2, color=color_f )
plt.plot( freq, smoothing(np.abs(parietal_erp_fft)), linewidth=2, color=color_p )
plt.xlim((10,70))
plt.ylim((0,.5))
plt.xlabel('Freq (Hz)', fontsize=font_size)
plt.ylabel('Amplitude (μV/Hz)', fontsize=font_size)
plt.title('ERP signal in frequency domain', fontsize=font_size)
plt.gca().set_facecolor((1,1,1))
plt.subplots_adjust(wspace=.3, hspace=.1, bottom=.2)

plt.gcf().savefig(dir_fig+'fig2-4.png', format='png', dpi=300);
Channel selection
..Frontal channels -> ['Ch03-AF3', 'Ch04-AF4', 'Ch05-AF7', 'Ch06-AF8']
..Parietal channels -> ['Ch21-CP1', 'Ch22-CP2', 'Ch23-CP3', 'Ch24-CP4']

png

2-5. ERP in time-frequency domain

Applying fast Fourier transform with moving temporal window, ERP signal can be drawn in time-frequency domain. To calculate spectrogram, a function get_spectrogram() is defined.

# Demo 2-5. Visualize frequency components in ERP
def get_spectrogram( data, t=EEG.times, Fs=2000, 
                    fft_win_size=2**10, t_resolution=0.1, freq_cut = 150): 
  
  # For many- and single-trials data compatibility
  if data.ndim < 3: data = np.expand_dims(data,2)
  t_fft = [t[0]+(((fft_win_size*.5)+1)/Fs),
           t[-1]-(((fft_win_size*.5)+1)/Fs)];
  t_vec = np.linspace( t_fft[0], t_fft[-1], (np.diff(t_fft)/t_resolution)+1);
  
  # Memory pre-occupation
  n_ch, _, n_trial = data.shape
  n_t = len(t_vec);
  _,f = fft_half( np.zeros(fft_win_size), Fs);
  n_f = np.where(f<100)[0][-1]+1;
  Spec = np.zeros( [n_t, n_f, n_ch, n_trial], dtype='float16');
  Spec_f = f[0:n_f];

  # Get sliding window indicies
  idx_collection = np.zeros((len(t_vec),2), dtype='int')
  for tIdx in range(len(t_vec)):
    idx_collection[tIdx,0] = int(np.where(t<t_vec[tIdx])[0][-1]-fft_win_size*.5)
    idx_collection[tIdx,1] = int(np.where(t<t_vec[tIdx])[0][-1]+fft_win_size*.5-1)
  short = np.where(~(np.diff(idx_collection,1)==fft_win_size-1 ))
  idx_collection[short,1] = idx_collection[short,1]+1
  Spec_t = t[np.array(np.mean(idx_collection,1), dtype='int')];

  # Calculation
  hann = np.hanning( fft_win_size-1 );
  for chanIdx in range(n_ch):
    for trialIdx in range(n_trial):
      epoch = data[chanIdx, :, trialIdx];
      for tIdx in range(len(t_vec)):
        d =  hann * epoch[idx_collection[tIdx,0]:idx_collection[tIdx,1]]
        [x,f]= fft_half(d, Fs);
        Spec[tIdx,:,chanIdx,trialIdx] = abs(x[:n_f]);
        
  return np.squeeze(Spec), Spec_t, Spec_f

# Calculation & Visualization
from matplotlib import cm
plt.figure(figsize=(16,5))
conditions = [6,4,1,3,2]
for targetCondition in conditions:
  trialIdx = np.where((EEG.events[:,2])==targetCondition)[0]

  # Calc Frontal Mean
  erp = np.mean(EEG.data[:,:,trialIdx],2)
  Spec, Spec_t, Spec_f = get_spectrogram(erp)
  frontal_Spec = np.mean(Spec[:,:,ch_frontal[0]:ch_frontal[1]],2)
  parietal_Spec = np.mean(Spec[:,:,ch_parietal[0]:ch_parietal[1]],2)
  
  frontal_erp = np.mean(erp[ch_frontal[0]:ch_frontal[1],:],0)
  parietal_erp = np.mean(erp[ch_parietal[0]:ch_parietal[1],:],0)
  
  # Frontal
  plt.subplot(2,len(conditions),np.where(np.array(conditions)==targetCondition)[0]+1)
  plt.contourf( Spec_t, Spec_f, frontal_Spec.transpose(),
               cmap=cm.jet, levels = np.linspace(0,1.8,100))
  if targetCondition==6:
    plt.ylabel('Frontal\nFrequency (Hz)', fontsize=font_size)
    plt.xlabel('Time (sec)', fontsize=font_size)
  else: plt.axis('off')
  plt.title('%s'%condNames[targetCondition-1], fontsize=font_size)
  plt.plot(EEG.times, .5*frontal_erp+60, 'w-', linewidth=.5)
  plt.xlim([-.5,1.5])
  plt.ylim([5,80])
  plt.plot((0,0),(0,100), '--', linewidth = 1, color = (.8,.8,.8))
  plt.plot((1,1),(0,100), '--', linewidth = 1, color = (.8,.8,.8))

  # Parietal
  plt.subplot(2,len(conditions),len(conditions)+np.where(np.array(conditions)==targetCondition)[0]+1)
  plt.contourf( Spec_t, Spec_f, parietal_Spec.transpose(),
               cmap=cm.jet, levels = np.linspace(0,1.8,100))
  if targetCondition==6:
    plt.ylabel('Parietal\nFrequency (Hz)', fontsize=font_size)
    plt.xlabel('Time (sec)', fontsize=font_size)
  else: plt.axis('off')
  plt.plot(EEG.times, .5*parietal_erp+60, 'w-', linewidth=.5)
  plt.xlim([-.5,1.5])
  plt.ylim([5,80])
  plt.plot((0,0),(0,100), '--', linewidth = 1, color = (.8,.8,.8))
  plt.plot((1,1),(0,100), '--', linewidth = 1, color = (.8,.8,.8))

plt.subplots_adjust(wspace=.1, hspace=.3)
#plt.colorbar(orientation="horizontal")
plt.gcf().savefig(dir_fig+'fig2-5.png', format='png', dpi=300);

png

Part 3. Drawing topography

3-1. Drawing 2D power topography

Using this coordinate, spatial dynamics of ERP can be drawn in 2D plane (i.e., power topography). For visualization purpose, an example function, plot_topo2d( data ), is provided which takes data as 1D data matrix (i.e., 1 x 36 channels) each of which represents the channel power.

For 2D interpolation, additional class of bi_interp2 is defined.

# Demo 3-1a. Preparation of 2D power topography
""" (1) Class for 2D interpolation """
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from scipy import interpolate
class bi_interp2:
  def __init__(self, x, y, z, xb, yb, xi, yi, method='linear'):
    self.x = x
    self.y = y
    self.z = z
    self.xb = xb
    self.yb = yb
    self.xi = xi
    self.yi = yi
    self.x_new, self.y_new = np.meshgrid(xi, yi)
    self.id_out = np.zeros([len(self.xi), len(self.xi)], dtype='bool')
    self.x_up, self.y_up, self.x_dn, self.y_dn = [], [], [], []
    self.interp_method = method
    self.z_new = []

  def __call__(self):
    self.find_boundary()
    self.interp2d()
    return self.x_new, self.y_new, self.z_new

  def find_boundary(self):
    self.divide_plane()
    # sort x value
    idup = self.sort_arr(self.x_up)
    iddn = self.sort_arr(self.x_dn)
    self.x_up = self.x_up[idup]
    self.y_up = self.y_up[idup]
    self.x_dn = self.x_dn[iddn]
    self.y_dn = self.y_dn[iddn]
    self.remove_overlap()
    # find outline, use monotone cubic interpolation
    ybnew_up = self.interp1d(self.x_up, self.y_up, self.xi)
    ybnew_dn = self.interp1d(self.x_dn, self.y_dn, self.xi)
    for i in range(len(self.xi)):
        idt1 = self.y_new[:, i] > ybnew_up[i]
        idt2 = self.y_new[:, i] < ybnew_dn[i]
        self.id_out[idt1, i] = True
        self.id_out[idt2, i] = True
    # expand data points
    self.x = np.concatenate((self.x, self.x_new[self.id_out].flatten(), self.xb))
    self.y = np.concatenate((self.y, self.y_new[self.id_out].flatten(), self.yb))
    self.z = np.concatenate((self.z, np.zeros(np.sum(self.id_out) + len(self.xb))))

  def interp2d(self):
    pts = np.concatenate((self.x.reshape([-1, 1]), self.y.reshape([-1, 1])), axis=1)
    self.z_new = interpolate.griddata(pts, self.z, (self.x_new, self.y_new), method=self.interp_method)
    self.z_new[self.id_out] = np.nan
    
  def remove_overlap(self):
    id1 = self.find_val(np.diff(self.x_up) == 0, None)
    id2 = self.find_val(np.diff(self.x_dn) == 0, None)
    for i in id1:
      temp = (self.y_up[i] + self.y_up[i+1]) / 2
      self.y_up[i+1] = temp
      self.x_up = np.delete(self.x_up, i)
      self.y_up = np.delete(self.y_up, i)
    for i in id2:
      temp = (self.y_dn[i] + self.y_dn[i + 1]) / 2
      self.y_dn[i+1] = temp
      self.x_dn = np.delete(self.x_dn, i)
      self.y_dn = np.delete(self.y_dn, i)

  def divide_plane(self):
    ix1 = self.find_val(self.xb == min(self.xb), 1)
    ix2 = self.find_val(self.xb == max(self.xb), 1)
    iy1 = self.find_val(self.yb == min(self.yb), 1)
    iy2 = self.find_val(self.yb == max(self.yb), 1)
    # divide the plane with Quadrant
    qd = np.zeros([self.xb.shape[0], 4], dtype='bool')
    qd[:, 0] = (self.xb > self.xb[iy2]) & (self.yb > self.yb[ix2])
    qd[:, 1] = (self.xb > self.xb[iy1]) & (self.yb < self.yb[ix2])
    qd[:, 2] = (self.xb < self.xb[iy1]) & (self.yb < self.yb[ix1])
    qd[:, 3] = (self.xb < self.yb[iy2]) & (self.yb > self.yb[ix1])
    # divide the array with y axis
    self.x_up = self.xb[qd[:, 0] | qd[:, 3]]
    self.y_up = self.yb[qd[:, 0] | qd[:, 3]]
    self.x_dn = self.xb[qd[:, 1] | qd[:, 2]]
    self.y_dn = self.yb[qd[:, 1] | qd[:, 2]]

  def find_val(self, condition, num_of_returns):
    # find the value that satisfy the condition
    ind = np.where(condition == 1)
    return ind[:num_of_returns]

  def sort_arr(self, arr):
    # return sorting index
    return sorted(range(len(arr)), key=lambda i: arr[i])

  def interp1d(self, xx, yy, xxi):
    # find the boundary line
    interp_obj = interpolate.PchipInterpolator(xx, yy)
    return interp_obj(xxi)
  
""" (2) Function for Topography plot """
from pandas import read_csv
from matplotlib import cm
from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import Axes3D
def plot_topo2d(data, clim=(-15,25), montage_file='%s%smontage.csv'%(dir_origin, dir_dataset), plot_opt = True):

  # Zero-padding
  short = 38-len(data)
  if short: data=np.concatenate((data, np.tile(.00000001, short)), axis=0)

  # Get head boundary image coordinates
  boundary = get_boundary()
  montage_table = read_csv(montage_file)
  x, y = np.array(montage_table['X_ML']), np.array(montage_table['Y_AP'])
  xb, yb = boundary[:, 0], boundary[:, 1]
  xi, yi = np.linspace(min(xb), max(xb), 500),np.linspace(min(yb), max(yb), 500)
  xx, yy, topo_data = bi_interp2(x, y, data, xb, yb, xi, yi)()

  if plot_opt:
    topo_to_draw = topo_data.copy()
    topo_to_draw[np.where(topo_data>clim[1])] = clim[1]
    topo_to_draw[np.where(topo_data<clim[0])] = clim[0]
    plt.contourf(xx, yy, topo_to_draw, cmap=cm.jet, levels = np.linspace(clim[0],clim[1],50))
    plt.grid(False)
    plt.gca().set_aspect('equal','box')
    plt.xlabel('ML coordinate (mm)', fontsize=15);
    plt.ylabel('AP coordinate (mm)', fontsize=15);
    plt.text(0, 0.0, 'BP', color='w', fontsize=10, weight='bold', ha='center',va='center');
    plt.text(0,-4.2, 'LP', color='w', fontsize=10, weight='bold', ha='center',va='center');
    if clim is not None: plt.clim(clim)
    plt.plot(montage_table['X_ML'][0:36],montage_table['Y_AP'][0:36], 'w.')    
    plt.axis( (-5.5, 5.5, -7, 5.2) ) 
    plt.gca().set_facecolor((1,1,1))

  return xx, yy, topo_data

Optional) Bad channel identification

In usual EEG recordings, large-amplitude artifacts coming from few bad channels sometimes be a problem. To prevent this, researchers have developed various methods of artifact-rejection and bad-channel selection. Here, simple bad channel identification method is implemented using channel correlation. Data from the bad channels identified here will be ignored in topography and replaced by median value hereafter.

# Demo 3-1b. Identification of bad-channel using correlation
from scipy.stats import ttest_1samp as ttest
ga_erp = np.nanmean(EEG.data[:36,:,:],2) # grand-averaged ERP
corr_coef = np.corrcoef(ga_erp)
bad_channels = []
for chIdx in range(corr_coef.shape[1]):

  # Eliminating self-correlation
  r_data = corr_coef[chIdx,:].tolist() 
  r_data.pop(chIdx) # eliminating self-correlation
  
  # Calculating p-value from One-sample t-test
  pval = ttest(r_data,popmean=0).pvalue
  if pval > .001: 
    bad_channels.append(chIdx)
    marker = '> '
  else: marker = '  '
  if pval > 1: pval=1
  print( marker+'Ch=%02d) p = %.5f, R_mean = %.3f, R_std = %.3f'%(
      chIdx+1, pval, np.mean(r_data), np.std(r_data)))
print('\nLow-correlated (bad) channels: %s'%(bad_channels))

  Ch=01) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.561, R_std = 0.335
  Ch=02) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.537, R_std = 0.340
  Ch=03) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.679, R_std = 0.301
  Ch=04) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.657, R_std = 0.324
  Ch=05) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.651, R_std = 0.321
  Ch=06) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.618, R_std = 0.338
  Ch=07) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.742, R_std = 0.268
  Ch=08) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.736, R_std = 0.289
  Ch=09) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.744, R_std = 0.272
  Ch=10) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.711, R_std = 0.301
  Ch=11) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.762, R_std = 0.223
  Ch=12) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.711, R_std = 0.231
  Ch=13) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.763, R_std = 0.246
  Ch=14) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.715, R_std = 0.282
  Ch=15) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.747, R_std = 0.207
  Ch=16) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.755, R_std = 0.224
  Ch=17) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.753, R_std = 0.214
  Ch=18) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.749, R_std = 0.232
  Ch=19) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.765, R_std = 0.223
  Ch=20) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.721, R_std = 0.270
  Ch=21) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.701, R_std = 0.193
  Ch=22) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.733, R_std = 0.202
  Ch=23) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.724, R_std = 0.194
  Ch=24) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.769, R_std = 0.223
  Ch=25) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.752, R_std = 0.181
  Ch=26) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.710, R_std = 0.257
  Ch=27) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.398, R_std = 0.163
  Ch=28) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.648, R_std = 0.182
  Ch=29) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.647, R_std = 0.188
  Ch=30) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.737, R_std = 0.197
  Ch=31) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.619, R_std = 0.140
  Ch=32) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.658, R_std = 0.228
> Ch=33) p = 0.05145, R_mean = 0.106, R_std = 0.306
  Ch=34) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.262, R_std = 0.135
> Ch=35) p = 0.01168, R_mean = 0.124, R_std = 0.270
  Ch=36) p = 0.00000, R_mean = 0.281, R_std = 0.123

Low-correlated (bad) channels: [32, 34]

3-2. Time-course of raw voltage topography

Input data of EEG topography can be defined by any mean; voltage, band-limited power, instantaneous angle, and so on. In this example, spatial distribution of raw voltage at specific time point is drawn. For better understanding of the data, ERP time traces at frontal and parietal area are also drawn.

# Demo 3-2. Raw voltage topography
clim = [-20,30]
for targetCondition in conditions:
  trialIdx = np.where((EEG.events[:,2])==targetCondition)[0]

  # Calc ERP traces for visualization
  erp = np.mean(EEG.data[:,:,trialIdx],2)
  frontal_erp = np.mean(erp[ch_frontal[0]:ch_frontal[1],:],0)     # Average of frontal-area channels
  parietal_erp = np.mean(erp[ch_parietal[0]:ch_parietal[1],:],0)  # Average of parietal-area channels

  # Plot ERP trace
  plt.figure(figsize=(14,20))
  plt.subplot(len(conditions),1,np.where(np.array(conditions)==targetCondition)[0]+1)
  color_f = (.68,.210,.27) # Custom color value
  color_p = (.01,.457,.74)
  plt.grid('off')
  plt.plot((0,0),(-30,45), '--', linewidth = 1, color = (.8,.8,.8))
  plt.plot((-.2,1), (0,0), '--', linewidth = 1, color = (.8,.8,.8))
  plt.plot( EEG.times, frontal_erp,  color= color_f)
  plt.plot( EEG.times, parietal_erp, color= color_p)
  plt.xlabel('Time (msec)')
  plt.xlim((-.2,1))
  plt.ylim((-30,45))
  plt.axis('off')
  plt.gca().set_facecolor((1,1,1))
  plt.text( -.1, 27, 'Frontal', ha='center', fontsize=12, color=color_f )
  plt.text( -.1, 20,'Parietal', ha='center', fontsize=12, color=color_p )
  plt.title('%s'%condNames[targetCondition-1])
  
  # Calculate topography data 
  t_slice = [  (.005, .025), (.0250, .0550), (.200, .210),(.502, .512), (.925, .935)  ]  
  y_mark = [-20, 33, 10, 5, 10]
  topos = []
  for tIdx in range(len(t_slice)):
    x_start, x_end, y_pos = t_slice[tIdx][0], t_slice[tIdx][1], y_mark[tIdx]
    idx_start, idx_end = np.where(EEG.times==x_start)[0][0], np.where(EEG.times==x_end)[0][0]
    plt.plot( EEG.times[[idx_start,idx_end]], [y_pos, y_pos], 'k|-')
    topo_in = np.mean( erp[:36,idx_start:idx_end],1 )
    # bad-channel replacement
    topo_in[bad_channels] = np.median( topo_in.flatten() ) 
    topos.append( plot_topo2d(topo_in, plot_opt = False)[2] ) # Save it for drawing

  # Draw topography on ERP trace
  topo_size = (.07, 21) # X, Y size of topo image
  topo_shift = [ (-.04, -16), (.10, 32), (.20, 25), (.512, 20), (.935, 25) ]
  topo_clim = np.linspace(clim[0],clim[1],200)
  for tIdx in range(len(t_slice)):
    topo_x = np.linspace(topo_shift[tIdx][0]-topo_size[0]*.5,topo_shift[tIdx][0]+topo_size[0]*.5,topos[tIdx].shape[0])
    topo_y = np.linspace(topo_shift[tIdx][1]-topo_size[1]*.5,topo_shift[tIdx][1]+topo_size[1]*.5,topos[tIdx].shape[1])
    plt.contourf( topo_x, topo_y, topos[tIdx], cmap=cm.jet, levels=topo_clim )
  plt.draw()
plt.gcf().savefig(dir_fig+'fig3-2.png', format='png', dpi=300);

png

png

png

png

png

3-3. Band-limited power topography

Other than raw voltage, topography of band-limited power at stimulation frequency (40 Hz) can be drawn as well. In this example, stimulus-evoked 40 Hz power were estimated using bandpower() function.

To demonstrate the effect of stimulation, stimulus-free periods (e.g., pre- and post-stimulus period) data are also obtained.

# Demo 3-3. Band-power topography: ERP response as a function of time and space
def band_power(x, targetBand, Fs=2000):
  if x.ndim==1:
    X, freq = fft_half(x,Fs)
    ind = np.where( (freq > targetBand[0]) & (freq <= targetBand[1]))
    power = np.sum( abs(X[ind])**2 )
  else:
    power = np.zeros( x.shape[0] )
    for ch in range(x.shape[0]):
      X,freq = fft_half(x[ch,],Fs)
      ind = np.where( (freq > targetBand[0]) & (freq <= targetBand[1]))
      power[ch]=np.sum( abs(X[ind])**2 )
  return power

targetCondition = 6 # = Auditory sound only
trialIdx = np.where((EEG.events[:,2])==targetCondition)[0]
erp = np.mean(EEG.data[:,:,trialIdx],2)
period = [ (-.5,0.), (0.,.5), (.5, 1.), (1.,1.5) ] # time in second
periodName = ['Pre-stim', 'Stim (Early)', 'Stim (Late)', 'Post-stim'];
freq = 40 # Hz
plt.figure(figsize=(16,3))
for periodIdx in range(len(period)):
  tIdx = (EEG.times>period[periodIdx][0]) & (EEG.times<=period[periodIdx][1])
  
  # Calculate power & Substitute bad-channel value
  power = band_power(erp[:36,tIdx], np.array([-2,2])+freq, EEG.info['sfreq'])
  power[bad_channels]= np.median(power.flatten())
  
  # Draw
  plt.subplot(1,len(period),periodIdx+1)
  plot_topo2d(power, clim=(0,3) )
  plt.title('%s, t = [%.1f, %.1f]s'%(periodName[periodIdx],period[periodIdx][0],period[periodIdx][1]))
plt.gcf().savefig(dir_fig+'fig3-3.png', format='png', dpi=300);

png

3-4. Band-power topography: Comparison across various experimental conditions

Applying the same routine above, power topography figures of five different experimental conditions can be drawn as below.

# Demo 3-4. Band-power topography: Summary comparison across various stimulus conditions
freq = 40 # Hz
plt.figure(figsize=(16,4))
conditions = [6,4,1,3,2]
tIdx = (EEG.times>0) & (EEG.times<=1)
for targetCondition in conditions:
  trialIdx = np.where((EEG.events[:,2])==targetCondition)[0]
  erp = np.mean(EEG.data[:,:,trialIdx],2)
  
  # Calculate power & Substitute bad-channel value
  power = band_power(erp[:36,tIdx], np.array([-2,2])+freq, EEG.info['sfreq'])
  power[bad_channels]= np.median(power.flatten())
  
  # Draw
  plt.subplot(1,len(conditions),np.where(np.array(conditions)==targetCondition)[0]+1)
  plot_topo2d(power, clim=(0,7) )
  plt.title('%s'%condNames[targetCondition-1], fontsize = font_size)
  plt.axis('off')
  if targetCondition is not conditions[0]: plt.ylabel('')
  
plt.subplots_adjust(wspace=.1, hspace=.3)
plt.gcf().savefig(dir_fig+'fig3-4.png', format='png', dpi=300);

png



Enjoy!

# Try on your own!

datacite.yml
Title Dataset of high-density EEG recordings with auditory and optogenetic stimulation in mice
Authors Hwang,Eunjin;Lablup, Inc. 145 Teheran-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 06132, Republic of Korea Center for Neuroscience, Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), 5 Hwarang-ro 14-gil, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02792, Republic of Korea;orcid.org/0000-0002-0420-3783
Han,Hio-Been;Program of Brain and Cognitive Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 34141, Republic of Korea Center for Neuroscience, Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), 5 Hwarang-ro 14-gil, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02792, Republic of Korea;orcid.org/0000-0001-5669-4054
Kim,Jeong-Yeong;Department of Physics, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Republic of Korea Center for Neuroscience, Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), 5 Hwarang-ro 14-gil, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02792, Republic of Korea;orcid.org/0000-0003-4866-5979
Choi,Jee Hyun;Center for Neuroscience, Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), 5 Hwarang-ro 14-gil, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02792, Republic of Korea Division of Biomedical Science and Engineering, KIST School, University of Science and Technology, 5 Hwarang-ro 14-gil, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02792, Republic of Korea
Description A set of high-density EEG (electroencephalogram) recording obtained from awake, freely-moving mice (mus musculus) (n = 6). Details of experimental method are described in the original research article using the same dataset [Hwang et al., 2019, Brain Structure and Function].
License Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Public License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/)
References Optogenetic stimulation of basal forebrain parvalbumin neurons modulates the cortical topography of auditory steady-state responses [] (IsCitedBy)
Funding National Research Council of Science and Technology of Korea for the project Development of Solution for Diagnosis, Treatment, and Care System of Dementia Grant, CRC-15-04-KIST
National Research Foundation (NRF) of Korea, 2017R1A2B3012659
K-DARPA Project, 2V0713
Keywords Neuroscience
Electrophysiology
EEG
Mouse EEG
High-density EEG
Auditory stead-state response
Gamma oscillations
Basal forebrain
Resource Type Dataset